Gaura PurnimaGaura Purnima


by Anuttama Krishna Dasa

Gaura Purnima is the most auspicious day when Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who is none other than the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Sri Krishna, descended on this planet in the year 1486 AD.

Of all the incarnations of the Supreme Lord Sri Krishna, the appearance of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is very special for various reasons. There are two reasons for the appearance of Lord Caitanya. One is the external reason and the other is the more confidential internal reason.

External Reason

Sri Advaita Acharya, who is the plenary expansion of Lord Krishna namely Mahavishnu, saw that the people in the world were devoid of devotional service to Lord Krishna and they were materially engrossed. Everyone was engaged in material enjoyment and no one was interested in loving devotional service to Lord Krishna which is the only means to escape the cycle of repeated birth and death.

Out of compassion, Sri Acharya started pondering on what he could do such that the people in general could benefit. He knew that in this age of Kali there is no better religion than chanting the holy names of the Supreme Lord Sri Krishna. He thought how wonderful it would be if Lord Krishna could incarnate and preach the chanting of the holy names of the Lord and the performance of devotional service by His personal example.

He felt that His name Advaita would be fitting if He is able to induce Lord Krishna to descend and inaugurate the movement of chanting the holy names of the Lord. He decided to worship the Supreme Lord in the form of Saligram sila, with Tulasi leaves and Ganges water, and plead Him to descend on this planet. This spreading of chanting the holy names of the Lord and introducing devotional service formed the external reason for the appearance of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu

Internal Reason

Lord Krishna thought that everyone says that I am complete bliss, full of all rasas and the whole world derives pleasure from Me, who is that one who can give Me pleasure? That is Srimati Radharani alone. Though it is impossible to find more qualified than Me in this world, in Radha alone I feel the presence of one who can give Me pleasure. Although I am the source of happiness for the entire world, the beauty and attributes of Sri Radhika are My life and soul. In this way My affectionate feelings for Srimati Radharani may be understood, but on analysis I find them contradictory. My eyes are fully satisfied when I look upon Srimati Radharani, but by looking upon Me, she becomes even more advanced in satisfaction. I can understand that some unknown mellow in Me controls the entire existence of My captivator, Srimati Radharani.

With these thoughts’ Sri Krishna felt that He is eager to taste the joy which Radharani derives from Him. Unless He accepts the lustre of ecstatic love of Srimati Radhika, this desire cannot be fulfilled. So, the Lord decided to descend assuming Radharani's sentiments and bodily complexion and thus incarnated as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to taste the limitless nectarean mellows of love possessed by Srimati Radharani.

In 1486 AD, in the full-moon evening of the month of Phalguna, when there was a lunar eclipse and all the residents of Nawadwip were bathing in the holy Ganges, loudly chanting the holy names, the Lord appeared in the house of Jagannath Mishra and Sacimata.

All glories to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu!!